by Jake Hebert, Ph.D. 

Cosmology is the study of the origin and structure of the universe. Because the Big Bang is the dominant cosmological model, most astronomers interpret all their observations to fit this paradigm.

Big Bang cosmology is filled with a number of strange concepts, including inflation, dark energy, exotic forms of dark matter, and a multiverse. While valid scientific concepts such as quantum mechanics and relativity can indeed seem strange or counterintuitive, strange notions can also result from attempts to prop up a dying theory. Much of the weirdness of modern cosmology stems from an attempt to force the data to fit the Big Bang. Cosmology can be somewhat intimidating to non-specialists, but when one considers the reasons that Big Bang cosmologists invoke strange concepts like inflation, it quickly becomes apparent that the Big Bang is in trouble.

The Big Bang starts with the assumption that there are no special places in the cosmos.1 Since an edge or center would be a “special” place, then this implies that the universe has no edge or center.2

The assumption that there are no special places in the cosmos leads to three possibilities for the “curvature” of the universe, which would imply that space can be “flat,” “spherical,” or “hyperbolic.”3,4 A “flat” space would have a 3-D geometry analogous to the 2-D geometry of a flat sheet of paper. Likewise, the geometries of “spherical” and “hyperbolic” spaces would correspond to the geometries of the surface of a sphere and the surface of a saddle, respectively….

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