Where is the Garden of Eden?
Do you know where the Garden of Eden is?
Many people today try to tell us that they have found the Garden of Eden. Are they right?
First we have to see what the Bible says about the Garden of Eden and where it is.
Genesis 2:7-15 says: The Lord God also made the man of the dust of the ground, and breathed in his face breath of life, band the man was a living soul. And the Lord God planted a garden Eastward in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had made. For out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree pleasant to the sight, and good for meat: the 1tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and of evil. And out of Eden went a river to water the garden, and from thence it was divided, and became into four heads. The name of one is Pishon: the same compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where is gold. And the gold of that land is good: there is Bdellium, and the Onyx stone. And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same compasseth the whole land of Cush. And the name of the [third] river is Hiddekel: this goeth toward the East side of Ashshur: and the fourth river is Parah. Then the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, that he might dress it, and keep it.
The Bible tells us that there was 1 river that watered the Garden of Eden. As that river left the land of Eden, it divided into 4 rivers. The names of the rivers were the Pishon, Gihon, Hiddekel and the Parah. Most modern Bibles call the Hiddekel the Tigris River, and the Parah they call the Euphrates River.
One researcher, Michael Sanders, director of expeditions for the Mysteries of the Bible Research Foundation says that he has found the location of these 4 rivers in the country of Turkey. Mr. Sanders studied satellite photographs taken by NASA. According to Mr. Sanders, the Garden of Eden was located in the mountains where the Tigris, Euphrates, Murat and north fork of the Euphrates Rivers are found (see the area marked on the map as ‘Sander’s Eden’). Because there are 4 rivers there and 2 of them have the same names as the ones that flowed out of Eden, Mr. Sanders says that it proves that the Bible’s description of the Garden of Eden is accurate.
Other researchers including an archaeologist named Juris Zarins, believe that the Garden of Eden was located where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers empties into the Persian Gulf (see area marked on the map as “Zarin’s Eden). Like Mr. Sanders, Mr. Zarin and others studied maps and photographs and even LANDSAT photos taken from space. They believe that the Wadi Batin River system is the Pishon River and the Karun River in Iran is the Gihon River.
Both of these places have 4 rivers and two of the rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, have the same name as those described in Genesis 2 that we read earlier. Could one of them be right? Is so, how do we know/
Other Bible scholars and researchers have been trying to locate the Garden of Eden for hundreds of years. Some of them believed the Garden of Eden was in Armenia, some in Mesopotamia and many others have pointed to different places throughout the Middle East. They all can’t be right, can they? How do we know who is and isn’t right?
In the Acts of the Apostles, Paul and Silas were sent to a place called Berea. In chapter 17, verse 11, we are told: These were also more noble men than they which were at Thessalonica, which received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily, whether those things were so. Notice that the Bereans searched the Scriptures to find their answers to see if something was true or not, and that is what we are going to do, look to the Bible to see what we can learn about where the Garden of Eden is.
The first obvious problem I see with Mr. Zarin’s claim is that Genesis 2 said the rivers flowed out of the Garden of Eden, and the rivers that he speaks of run into the Persian Gulf. You have to wonder how he could have made such an error if paid any attention to what the Bible says.
Secondly, read Genesis 3:23-24: Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the earth, whence he was taken. Thus he cast out the man, and at the East side of the garden of Eden he set the Cherubims, and the blade of a sword shaken, to keep the way of the tree of life. After Adam sinned, God made him leave the Garden of Eden and even put armed guards at the entrance to the Garden to keep Adam out of the Garden.
Now we are going to read a couple of sections of the Bible that will show that Mr. Sanders, Mr. Zarin and all the other Bible scholars and researchers seem to forget about.
Remember the Flood and Noah’s Ark? What if I told you that the Bible tells us that the Flood completely destroyed the Garden of Eden? Like the Bereans we will search the Bible to see if this is so.
Lets start with Genesis 7:19-24: The waters prevailed so exceedingly upon the earth, that all the high mountains, that are under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail, when the mountains were covered. Then all flesh perished that moved upon the earth, both fowl and cattle and beast, and everything that creepeth and moveth upon the earth, and every man. Everything in whose nostrils the spirit of life did breathe, whatsoever they were in the dry land, they died. So he destroyed everything that was upon the earth, from man to beast, to the creeping thing, and to the fowl of the heaven: they were even destroyed from the earth. And Noah only remained, and they that were with him in the Ark. And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.
Have you ever seen a news report of someplace that gets flooded by heavy rains or rivers overflowing their banks? Many buildings and plants get washed away. Whole areas get buried under layers of mud left behind from the flood. Now think about how much mud would be left behind by Noah’s Flood when the entire earth was covered with water for 150 days. It would have left hundreds and thousands of feet of mud. This mud hardened and became rock. This is why we find hundreds and thousands of feet of sedimentary rock (rock laid down from water) all over the earth.
Did the Flood also destroy the Garden of Eden? Again, let’s see what the Bible says in 2 Peter 3:3-6: This first understand, that there shall come in the last days, mockers, which will walk after their lusts, And say, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the Fathers died, all things continue alike from the beginning of the creation. For this they willingly know not, that the heavens were of old, and the earth that was of the water, and by the water, by the word of God. Wherefore the world that then was, perished, overflowed with the water.
Peter tells us that the world that existed before the Flood perished when it was flooded with all the water. When he says “the world” he means plants, buildings, everything was destroyed. That would have also included the Garden of Eden. So from God’s Word, we learn that the Garden of Eden was destroyed by the Flood.
If the Garden of Eden was destroyed, you may wonder why we still find rivers with the same names today. The logical answer is that Noah and his sons named the new rivers and mountains they found in the new world after the Flood with the same names that they used before the Flood. Man still does this today. When the pilgrims and early settlers came to America, they started naming rivers and streams and the new towns after the same places they knew in their own countries. For example, Plymouth Rock was named for Plymouth, England. New York and New Jersey were named after York County and Jersey, the largest of the Channel Islands in England. If you look on a U.S. map today, you will find cities named after cities in Europe and Asia like:
Thames River, Connecticut Thames River, England
Guadalope River, Texas Guadalupe River, Spain
Paris, Kentucky Paris, France
London, Ohio and Kentucky London, England
Moscow, Idaho Moscow, Russia
Essex, Massachusetts Essex, England
Alhambra, California Alhambra, Spain
Rotterdam, New York Rotterdam, Netherlands
We searched the Scripture like the Bereans and we have found our answers. The Garden of Eden was destroyed by the Flood. We also know that people will name new places and rivers after places and rivers that they use to know. Our conclusion is that Mr. Sanders and Mr. Zarin are both wrong and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that exist today were named after the ones that flowed out of the Garden Eden before they were all destroyed.