It really depends upon who you ask and what their underlying presuppositional beliefs are.

According to a recent article published in Science, a group of anthropologists reported that humans arrived in Papua New Guinea at least 49,000 years ago.  They based their claims on the discovery of stone tools and plant remains at several sites in the highlands of the Ivane Valley region of Papua New Guinea.

Their conclusions are actually based not upon the evidence they found, but on their presuppositional beliefs.  In the opening sentence in their abstract, they stated, “After their emergence by 200,000 years before the present in Africa, modern humans colonized the globe, reaching Australia and New Guinea by 40,000 to 50,000 years ago.”  While conducting research in one country, they already held beliefs in the evolutionary migration of man 200,000 years earlier from another country.

It seems that they are relying on what is called the Recent African Origins (RAO) theory for their human evolutionary foundations.  The RAO is dependent upon the Standard Neutral Model (SNM) of evolution which has been openly challenged within the evolutionary literature.

One article in particular discusses some of the problems that exist with these two models. For instance, the presence of natural selection within human mitochondria basically nullifies the ‘neutral’ aspect of SNM in relation to RAO’s acceptance of ‘Mitochondrial Eve’.  I highly recommend that those of you reading this article click on the hyperlink provided to read the problems discussed.

Had the anthropologists started with the biblical account of man’s creation and followed his history from there, they would have come to the conclusion that the stone tools and plant remains they discovered had to be less than 4400 years old.

~6000 years ago – God made man in his own image (Genesis 1:26-27).

~4500 years ago – God judges world with worldwide flood (Genesis 6-8).

~4500 years ago – God tells Noah and his sons to multiply and replenish the

earth (Genesis 9:1).

~4400 years ago – God confounds the languages and disperses the people from

the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:7-8).

Therefore, as you can plainly see, we can all look at the same scientific evidence but come to completely different conclusions, not based on the evidence, but on our foundational beliefs.  For one, I chose to start with the Word of God instead of man.

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