It is believed that the first public use of the word science was perhaps as the title of an organization: The British Association for the Advancement of Science.  This group was founded in 1831. The term is derived from the Latin scire, meaning ‘to know.’ The word implies the collective human knowledge in any field of study.

However, it is ordinarily applied to any organized field of study investigated by what is known as the scientific method. It also may include any synthesis of the body of facts obtained by such investigation.  Since in this day, we have been forced into an increasing specialization of endeavor, science is divided into a number of fields, each of which is known as ‘a science.’  There seems to be general agreement today that what are known as the natural sciences would include aspects of psychology, and among the social sciences, physical anthropology, sociology, and economics. These may be considered to make up the true sciences.

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