Evolutionists believe that there were many different Ice Ages and that they lasted for different lengths of time.  You see this taught in most textbooks used in public schools and sadly in many Christian schools as well.  They also have a variety of theories of what could have caused the different Ice Ages, but in reality, most of their theories have major scientific problems.

Therefore, we must ask ourselves how many Ice Ages were there and what were the causes?

Evolutionists believe that the present is the key to the past.  They often turn to the vast ice sheets found on Greenland and Antarctica to try to help understand how they formed.  The ice on Greenland and Antarctica is, in places, miles deep and hundreds of miles wide.  In the present, however, all but the edges of these ice sheets are cold deserts.  Not enough snow and ice falls there to build up the depth of ice that we find today, even if long periods of time were available.

So how did they form and how can we relate that to the Ice Age?

Believe it or not, the Genesis Flood of the Bible may provide an answer.

First of all, rocks that formed during the Flood contain thick piles of lava and huge volumes of volcanic ash telling us that there was a tremendous amount of volcanic activity that took places during the Flood and shortly before and after.

Meteorologist Mike Oard has suggested that this might have led to the Ice Age.

Mike Oard: “There is a lot of warm water added to the pre-Flood oceans from the crust and also a lot of lava flows and volcanism that heat the water”

In Genesis 7:11 we read:

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

Oard believes that part of the fountains of the great deep bursting forth involved the continents splitting apart.  This would have created a huge numbers of volcanoes erupting and large areas of magma from the earth’s crust being exposed to the oceans.  This would have generated a great deal of heat that would have been transferred to the ocean and Flood waters.  He points to evidence in fossils suggesting that the oceans were warmed up in the course of the Flood:

The average temperature of the ocean is 39 degrees Fahrenheit.    Well, after the Flood, it could have been an average of about 86 degrees Fahrenheit.  And you could’ve taken a swim in the Arctic Ocean after the Flood, it was so warm.

Scientific studies show that the warmer water is, the faster it evaporates.  If you want to do an experiment on this, simple place a cup with 8oz of water outside on a hot day.  Place another cup with 8oz of water on your kitchen counter and another in your refrigerator.  After a couple of days, gather the three cups and compare them to each other.  You will find that the cup placed outside in the hot sun will have less water in it than the other two and the one in the refrigerator will have the most water left in it; that is if someone didn’t mistakenly drink it first.

So, now we have warm oceans that are evaporating faster and putting lots of water vapor into the atmosphere.  Mike Oard explains:

But then, it’s going to start cooling down and that cooling is mainly by evaporation.  So the key here is that, with that warm water, you evaporate so much more water vapor in the air.

As the oceans cooled after the Flood, heavy snow began to fall.  Computer simulations that begin with warm oceans show snow falling far inland over cool continents.  Ice sheets build up thousands of feet thick where we see evidence for such ice today.  This ice built up in only 200 to 300 years of time after the Flood.

The whole process was sped up by volcanic ash cooling the earth after the Flood as Oard explains:

Because of the instability of the earth after the Flood, there would be a lot of volcanism…  Aerosols are tiny particles about a micron in diameter.  And they’ll float up there in the atmosphere for several years.  And they reflect sunlight back into space… so you have a cooling mechanism…the ice is gonna build up and finally it’s going to come to a point where it’s going to peak.  That’s glacial maximum.

Once the oceans cooled enough, the evaporation slowed, the snows stopped, and the ice began to melt.  Calculations suggest that the buildup, movement, and melting of ice did not require many thousands of years, as is traditionally taught.  From a warm world at the end of the Flood to the melting of the ice took only centuries of time.  Oard believes the Ice Age started in earnest about 200-300 years after the Flood and lasted only about 400-500 years, which is a very short time compared to the thousands of years taught by evolutionists.

As for how many Ice Ages there were, Oard says:

Then I see evidence of one Ice Age and a short, rapid Ice Age that melts catastrophically.  This is what I see based on science.

Mike Oard started with God’s Word and then using what God told us about the Flood, he looked at what science teaches us today.  When he did this, none of the evolutionary models for Ice Ages held up to biblical or scientific scrutiny.

The present climate is not the key to understanding what produced thick piles of ice in Greenland and Antarctica.  It looks like the Bible had the key all along – the great Flood in the days of Noah.

And the Bible also tells us about what people like evolutionists will believe about the Flood and what the Bible says about Creation in 2 Peter 3:1-6:

This is now the second letter that I am writing to you, beloved. In both of them I am stirring up your sincere mind by way of reminder, that you should remember the predictions of the holy prophets and the commandment of the Lord and Savior through your apostles, knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own sinful desires. They will say, “Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things are continuing as they were from the beginning of creation.” For they deliberately overlook this fact, that the heavens existed long ago, and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God, and that by means of these the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished.

West Oversea: A Norse Saga of Mystery, Adventure and Faith

Lars Walkers third novel about the Vikings begins in the year 1001. King Olaf Trygvesson is dead, but his sisters husband, Erling Skjalgsson, carries on his dream of a Christian Norway that preserves its traditional freedoms. Rather than do a dishonorable deed, Erling relinquishes his power and lands. He and his household board ships and sail west to find a new life with Leif Eriksson in Greenland. This voyage, though, will be longer and more dangerous than they ever imagined. It will take them to an unexplored country few Europeans had seen. Demonic forces will pursue them, but the greatest danger of all may be in a dark secret carried by Father Aillil, Erlings Irish priest.


West Oversea is a gripping Viking saga. Lars Walker understands the unique Norse mindset at the time of the Vikings conversion to Christianity, and he tells a tale of seafaring adventure and exploration of new worlds that will keep you on the edge of your chair and make you think. — Dr. John Eidsmoe (Colonel, Pastor, Professor, Author)

Lars’ new book, West Oversea, [is one] that I enjoyed greatly. Like his earlier Viking novels, Erlings Word and Year of the Warrior, it features the characters of the warlord Erling, a historical figure, whose dedication to doing what is right sometimes gets him into trouble, and Father Aillil, an Irish priest with a vivid personality (who reminds me somewhat of Martin Luther in his self-deprecating but life-affirming faith). This time, they journey to Iceland, then Greenland, then Vinland, a.k.a. America. They connect with the discoverer of that rich but dangerous land, Leif Erikson. (I did not realize that he was a Christian. His father, Erik the Red, was not.) At one point, Father Aillil has a vision of the future that perfectly capturesand refutesthe particular kinds of Godlessness of both modernism and postmodernism and suggests what might come next. The book is full of fascinating lore, thought-provoking ideas, memorable characters, exciting action, and just good story-telling. I could hardly put the thing down. — Gene Edward Veith (Author, The Spirituality of the Cross)

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