*by Wes Moore
Scientists are certain they’ve found a key piece of evidence for human evolution…again. A team led by scientists from the Cleveland Museum of Natural History discovered eight foot and toe bones in Ethiopia of a creature they are sure lived at the same time as another descendent of man, Lucy.[i]
These bones, unearthed in 2009, were found just 30 miles north of where Lucy, another supposed australopithecine (“southern ape”; fossils found in Africa that, according to secular scientists, are human evolutionary ancestors[ii]), was discovered in 1974.[iii]
This yet to be named set of bones “is just another window into solving the problem of how we got from a primitive foot to the modern human foot,” says Bruce Latimer of the Museum.[iv]
Tim White of the Human Evolution Research Center at the University of California lauded the finding. “This find is the first good evidence that there was a second, different species lineage,” he said.[v]
Secular scientists now believe upright walking evolved at the same time in separate tracks of apes.[vi]
Are they really sure?
The finding is anything but certain. While the article itself uses the language of certainty in several places (with phrases like, “it’s now clear,” “it’s clear,” and “good evidence”), it is also littered with admissions of doubt and uncertainty.
Here are a couple of examples [emphasis mine]:[vii]
· “So what was this tree-climbing and ground-dwelling creature? Scientists don’t know yet…”
· “The authors did not name the new species because they know so little about it.”
· “But scientists don’t know whether it is a descendant or close relative [of Ardi, a species that supposedly evolved a million years before this most recent, unnamed find].”
· “Scientists say it’s hard to glean what its stride was like without knowing the shape of its ankles, knees, and hips.”
Furthermore, the article uses what Mike Riddle of the Creation Training Initiative calls “fuzzy words.” Fuzzy words are words that indicate guess work on the part of secular scientists. They frequent evolutionary literature because of the gaps in the evidence that must be filled in by the scientist’s own theorizing and storytelling.
Here are a few from this article:
· “That a different human relative ambled around the same period as Lucy suggests upright walking evolved more than once, scientists said.”
· “But [the unnamed creature from this find] likely was not very efficient and moved around awkwardly.”
· “[This creature] didn’t seem to want to make up its mind whether it wants to live in the tress or on the ground…”
· “What are the chances [this unnamed creature and Lucy] interacted? If they met, scientists said they probably did not socialize…”
More Reasons to Be Uncertain
It isn’t just the fuzzy language of the report that makes it suspect; it’s the data itself.
In the first place, by their own admission, the number of bones found is extremely small. Only eight bones total were dug up. While this might seem significant, there are 26 bones in each human foot, and a total of 206 bones in the human body.[viii] That means the broad-ranging conclusions drawn by this find are based on only about 31% of the bones of a single foot (if they are all from the same foot) and less than 4% of the bones in a single human skeleton.
Not only this, but these eight bones are only a fraction of the 47 unearthed in the Lucy discovery (about 17%), which, as I will note in a moment, is now in doubt as a viable human ancestor.
Lucy—A Crumbling Foundation for Comparison
This unnamed find is compared to a skeleton, dubbed “Lucy,” found by Donald Johanson in the same area in 1974.[ix] Lucy “had no foot bones or skull.”[x] Nevertheless, “she became a ‘poster child’ for human evolution, and was regarded as our definite ancestor.”[xi]
Over time, her place in evolutionary history has become highly suspect, as have all australopithecines. Not only are their physical features just like those of gorillas (arms, fingers[xii], and jawbones[xiii], to name a few), but so is their inner ear structure, making it impossible for them to have walked upright continually as humans do.[xiv]
Interestingly, the definition of “australopithecine” found in secular dictionaries reflects this scepticism. The American Heritage Science Dictionary says regarding the term, “While many scientists believe that australopithecines are ancestors of modern humans, not enough fossils have yet been found to establish any direct descent”[xv] [emphasis mine].
This find demonstrates several important truths about the so-called “ironclad” claims of evolutionary scientists. Their reports, when studied properly, reveal their own uncertainty about their claims, their habit of using bits of information and evidence to draw far-reaching, broad claims, and the fact that their confident assertions are often dismissed over time due to contradictory new evidence.
I love how Daniel Anderson summed up the long list of our supposed fossil ancestors which eventually have been discarded:
“No doubt evolutionary anthropologists will replace Lucy with a different candidate for the ancestor of humanity…. This is how the game is played. A single tooth, a fragmented jaw bone, or partial skull will throw the evolutionary community into a frenzy…. But, as years pass, more and more evidence will come to light, and the so-called ‘proof’ will meet a quiet death.”[xvi]
Many thanks to our Creator that his Word, when allowed to speak for itself, will never do the same!
[i] Alicia Chang, Associated Press, “Foot find shows prehumen walked same time as Lucy,” 28 March 2012, available at http://news.yahoo.com/foot-shows-prehuman-walked-same-time-lucy-172512927.html; accessed 30 March 2012.
[ii] Russell Grigg, “Are there apemen in your ancestry?” accessed 27 April 2012, available at http://creation.com/are-there-apemen-in-your-ancestry, originally printed in Creation 25(1): 16-19, December 2002.
[viii] Russell Grigg, “How many bones does Lucy have?” an update to “Are there apemen in your ancestry?” 11 January 2012; available at same web address (above); accessed 27 April 2012.
[ix] Grigg, “Are there apemen in your ancestry?”
[xii] Carl Wieland, “‘Lucy’ walking upright, and atheism and science,” 27 August 2011, available at http://creation.com/lucy-atheism-science; accessed 27 April 2012. The first two in this list are from this source.
[xiv] Wieland, “‘Lucy’ walking upright, and atheism and science.”
[xv] australopithecine. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/australopithecine; accessed: April 27, 2012.
[xvi] Anderson, “No More Love for Lucy?”
*Wes Moore is a conservative Christian author and speaker, and the founder of Evidence America, an apologetics and evangelism training ministry. Wes is the author of Forcefully Advancing, a book designed to equip the average Christian to engage the lost; The Maker, a futuristic apologetics novel; and The Spiritual Top 50, a non-fiction apologetics book designed to help Christians answer the questions their lost friends are asking. You can learn more about him at www.wesmoorenow.com.
It’s 2332 AD and our greatest fears have been realized. America has been destroyed and all history of her erased. The Global Government, made up of America’s present friends and foes, oppresses the world and hunts down and annihilates any person or group that threatens it. No one can challenge the great Global Government until a suicidal archaeologist named Adrien Bach finds a black box buried in the remote desert that was Middle America. The other-worldly contents of this box lead him to the truth—about America, the Global Government, and the greatest crime in human history.
Join Adrien on a thrilling, twenty-fourth century ride to uncover the truth and reveal that truth to a world starved of hope, love, and light. And along the way, perhaps you’ll learn something that will change the way you view our twenty-first century world.
The Maker is intended not only as an entertaining ride for the Christian, but also as a teaching tool for the lost. Key concepts, like God’s existence, the futility of evolution, and the gospel, are integrated into the story so as to give it a real spiritual and evangelistic purpose.