by Michael J. Oard

Geomorphology, within the uniformitarian paradigm, has great difficulty explaining the origin of landforms. One of these landforms, most of which were once much larger, is the planation surface. Planation surfaces are common and worldwide. They are not forming today but are being destroyed. Africa is covered with the most planation surfaces of any continent, but the number and age of the planation surfaces has always been controversial. A new synthesis of African planation surfaces concludes that there is one large, warped planation surface on Africa, called the African Surface. Most of the African Surface is capped by a chemical precipitate called a duricrust, the origin of which is a puzzle. Planation and erosion surfaces could readily have formed as the floodwater retreated off the continents during uplift.

Geologists once thought that by throwing out the Genesis Flood in Earth history they could easily explain the features of the earth’s surface. William Morris Davis, the most renowned geomorphologist in the early and mid-twentieth century, stated:

“The emancipation of geology from the doctrine of catastrophism was a necessary step before progress could be made towards an understanding of the lands.”1

As a result of this shift in worldview in the late nineteenth century, he went on to predict that the understanding of geomorphological features was just around the corner:

“It cannot be doubted, in view of what has already been learned to-day [sic], that an essentially explanatory treatment must in the next century [twentieth century] be generally adopted in all branches of geographical study.”2

However, such a prediction has proven false, and uniformitarian3 scientists are no closer to finding solutions for the many geomorphological puzzles on the earth’s surface than they were over a century ago. In fact, they are not optimistic at all and have essentially abandoned most efforts to explain the origin of landforms. Could it be that the main problem is that they adopted the wrong worldview?…

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