Most evolutionists believe that there were numerous ice ages, some more severe than others and that the last one ended around 9,000 to 10,000 years ago.  They also believed that the glacial ice sheets that covered the northern regions of the globe during the last ice age pretty much scraped all of the plant life off the ground.  After the ice age ended, plants slowly migrated from the south back into the ice ravaged areas of the north.

In the case of the Scandinavian lands, evolutionists have held that the conifers (pine and spruce) migrated in from the rest of Europe to the south as the ice sheet retreated.  However, a new study suggests that not all of today’s conifers came from the south as previously believed.

A team made up of researchers from the Centre for GeoGenetics at the University of Copenhagen, the University of Uppsala in Sweden and the Tromsø University Museum in Norway have been studying the DNA of the Scandinavian conifers along with the DNA from those further south.

Professor Eske Willerslev of the Centre for GeoGenetics, University of Copenhagen explained their results saying,

“Our results demonstrate that not all the Scandinavian conifer trees have the same recent ancestors, as we once believed. There were groups of spruce and pine that survived the harsh climate in small ice-free pockets, or in refuges, as we call them, for tens of thousands of years, and then were able to spread once the ice retreated. Other spruce and pine trees have their origins in the southern and eastern ice-free areas of Europe. Therefore, one can now refer to ‘original’ and later naturally ‘introduced’ Scandinavian conifer species.”

Laura Parducci from the University of Uppsala added,

“The other evidence, which supports the surviving conifers in the midst of an ice age, originates in Trøndelag, central Norway. One hypothesis is that trees were able to survive on the top of nunataks, the exposed ridges or peaks of mountains protruding from glacial cover, or in more sheltered areas close to the coast where proximity to the temperate conditions of the Atlantic Ocean favoured survival. These areas must have provided sites for roots to anchor and trees to grow in the challenging climate.”

Perhaps they’re right about the sources of the Scandinavian conifers but I’d like to offer another possible explanation for the diversity of they found amongst the conifers.  In Genesis 6-8 we read about a flood that was so massive that it covered the entire earth for nearly half a year about 4350 years ago.  The flood uprooted plants including conifers from all over the earth.  The currents would have scattered the seeds and pollen across the globe, re-depositing them in many different locations.

After the flood subsided, some of those conifer seeds would have started to grow.  However, the mechanisms of the flood (warm oceans and colder land masses) created the perfect scenario for the one and only ice age.  The ice age cleared off most of the plants from the northern regions.  After about 500 years, the ice age receded and the conifers once again began to grow and replenish the landscape.  Some of them grew from the ones left behind by the flood and others migrated up from the south.

Two interpretations of the same data.  One interpretation based on the ever changing ideas of man and the other based on the infallible Word of God.  Neither can be proven.  Everyone must decide for themselves which one they want to believe in.  As for me, I trust more in the one based upon the Word of God rather than the word of man.


Sturdy Scandinavian Conifers Survived Ice Age, Science Daily, March 1, 2012.


Privileged Planet (DVD)

Today, most scientists and philosophers claim that Earth is an ordinary speck of dust adrift, without purpose or significance, in a vast cosmic sea. This idea (popularized by the late astronomer, Carl Sagan) is an outgrowth of the naturalistic philosophy that has dominated science for the past 150 years. Yet, remarkable evidence–unveiled by contemporary astronomy and physics-may now tell a very different story.

This hour-long documentary explores the scientific evidence for intelligent design and purpose in the universe. In the process, Earth is revealed as far more than the product of time, chance, and random natural processes.

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