Why are they found where they are?

In March 2010, internationally renowned atheist Richard Dawkins addressed the Global Atheist Convention in Melbourne, Australia. He said, “The pattern of geographical distribution [of plants and animals] is just what you would expect if evolution had happened.”1 He then went on to say that the distribution is “not what you would expect on certain alternative ideas … like if they had all dispersed from Noah’s Ark.”

However, a closer look at the science of biogeography (the study of the distributions of plants and animals) reveals a very different picture to the one Professor Dawkins painted.

If plants and animals had evolved over millions of years then we would expect closely related species to be living close together geographically (figure 1). In some cases this is what we do find. On the Galápagos Islands, for example, there are similar species of finches, and, on the Hawaiian Islands, similar species of fruit flies and snails.

However, this distribution of animals is also what we would expect following the Genesis Flood. Birds would have dispersed from the Middle East (where the Ark landed) with some eventually settling on the Galápagos Islands. Subsequent variation and natural selection among the descendants of these finches would then have occurred because they had the inbuilt genetic capacity to change quickly, so as to adapt to different environments—something that seems to be a biological design feature….

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