by George F. Howe, Ph.D.

Seeds from the fruits of five different species and families of flowering plants were tested for germination after prolonged periods of soaking in sea water, fresh water, and mixed water baths.  Seeds from three out of these five species germinated and grew after 140 days of soaking in each of the solutions mentioned.

The effect of the Genesis Flood upon seed plant life in general is discussed.  Several means of plant survival both inside and outside the ark are evaluated. On the basis of present experiments and those of Charles Darwin, it is concluded that seeds from many plants may have resisted the direct contact of flood waters and germinated vigorously after the waters subsided from the surface of the earth.  Several unanswered questions and areas for further study are enumerated.


The topics of seed dormancy, germination, and growth have challenged the minds of botanists for many years.  Several thorough articles and monographs on these topics provide information about the longevity, preservation, and metabolism, of seeds.  Some of these references and certainly the paper by Ungar provide information about the effect of salts in the soil water at time of germination. Boyko has investigated the use of salt water as a source for irrigation.

None of the above studies has dealt specifically with the effect of soaking during storage on the survival of seeds.  Since this topic is of interest from the standpoint of experimental plant physiology and also from the vantage of seed germination after the flood recorded in Genesis, the present investigation was undertaken to determine some of the effects of previous soaking upon germination of the seeds.  Charles Darwin studied this problem of soaking and floating seeds in order to determine how plants might have traveled across large stretches of ocean water….

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