NASA/JPL

Today’s feedback deals with some aspects of big bang theory, such as the origin of the chemical elements, the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR), and the expansion of the universe. Creationist physicist Dr Russell Humphreys and CMI’s Dr Jonathan Sarfati respond.

Ronald B. from the United States writes:

I am an evangelical Christian, and believe in the Bible’s literacy. However, [a well-known and competent creationist astrophysicist], to whom I have written repeatedly, has never answered this question. My question: how do we explain the creation of heavy elements except from the furnaces of stars—for which scientific evidence from many sources is consistent. Secondly, the arrangement of planets, and their iron core/gaseous nature are very compatible with a solar genesis formation of the planets, making earth appear to be un-exceptional.

-We need to defend our beliefs here as well as in the already defunct field of “evolution.”

PLEASE HELP!

Creationist physicist Dr Russell Humphreys responds:

Dear Dr B.,

I just realized that there are very clear answers in Scripture to your question about whether the origin of heavy elements was somewhat naturalistic or not. I presume you realize that to astronomers and astrophysicists, a “heavy” element is any element heavier than beryllium or lithium, because the alleged Big Bang is not supposed to have been able to produce anything heavier than that. So, for example, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen are heavy elements. Astrophysicists who are naturalistic think that heavy elements were produced by first generation-stars that existed long enough to become supernovas, spewing out heavy elements produced by nuclear processes in the star’s cores. They have been largely silent about discoveries of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen spectral lines from very high-redshift objects, presumably coming from the era when first-generation stars were very young, not having produced any supernovas yet….

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