In 2010, Philip Wilby of the British Geological Survey discovered the fossil remains of ancient cuttlefish ink sacs.  Cuttlefish are cephalopods like squids and octopi.  The fossils dated to about 160 million years according to evolutionists, were found in Wiltshire, England.  They claim that this is the oldest known intact ink sac preserved in the fossil record.

Examination of the fossilized ink sacs showed a testable amount of the pigment melanin.  Samples were sent to researchers in Virginia and Japan.  John Simon, who not only is the provost and executive vice president at the University of Virginia but he also happens to be a chemistry professor and an expert on melanin.  Simon then forwarded some samples on to colleagues in the US, United Kingdom, Japan and India for further testing.

The melanin was so well preserved that it allowed the various researchers to break it down to the molecular level.  Simon commented:

Though the other organic components of the cephalopod we studied are long gone, we’ve discovered through a variety of research methods that the melanin has remained in a condition that could be studied in exquisite detail.

They compared the fossilized ink to that of the modern day cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis. According to Simon:

They’re essentially indistinguishable.

They seemed surprised to find such well-preserved ink sacs and such well-preserved melanin that allowed studying down to the molecular level for a 160 million year old fossil.  They also seemed surprised to find out that the ink and melanin was identical to that of modern day cuttlefish.

The reason they are so surprised is that they started with the wrong assumption of millions of years.  Had they started with the Bible and the eyewitness account that God gave us, they may not have been so surprised.  The deposits the fossils were found in were most likely laid down toward the later days of the Genesis Flood.

Tremendous amounts of silt would have been carried by the Flood waters and consequently settled to the bottom very rapidly.  Millions of marine organisms would have been rapidly buried, accounting for so many well preserved fossils.  Since the Flood took place about 4,360 years ago, one shouldn’t be so surprised that the fossil was so indistinguishable from cuttlefish living today.

Start with the right foundations, the evidence from science makes perfect sense.  Start with the false foundations of millions of years of godless evolution and the scientific evidence doesn’t make sense and so often seems to be rather surprising.


Pappas, Stephanie. Oldest Fossilized Ink Found in Ancient Squid Cousin, Live Science, May 21, 2012.

Squid Ink from Jurassic Period Identical to Modern Cuttlefish Ink, Science Daily, May 21, 2012.

Apologetics 101-201-301 (3 DVDs)

Join popular apologist Mike Riddle as he uses a classroom setting to present Bible-defending basics. With humor and colorful on-screen graphics, Mike reveals that the scientic evidence supports the biblical worldview of a young earth. He then gives the six main reasons for apologetics, plus essential steps for the successful use of apologetics. Each DVD is formatted into short segments for easy integration of discussion times in classrooms, Sunday schools, and Bible studies.

This set includes:

Apologetics 101: Evidence Supports a Biblical Young Earth–Answers some common questions, including

Where did Cain get his wife?
How could the first 3 days be literal days if the sun was not created until day 4?
How could Adam name all the animals in one day?
Does carbon-14 prove the earth older than 6,000 years?
Is the Bible outdated?
And more…

Apologetics 201: Reasons Why Apologetics is Important– Continues where Apologetics 101 left off by answering more questions like

Is teaching creation too divisive?
Finding “fuzzy” words in evolutionists arguments
Why does God allow death and suffering?
How do you fit dinosaurs into the Bible?
Does the Bible teach how long God took to create?
And more…

Apologetics 301: How to Use Apologetics Successfully– discusses what is meant by having a biblical worldview and biblical discernment. Also answers several common concerns, such as

Should the church teach about science?
Is there any evidence for a Creator God?
How long were the days of creation?
Was the Genesis Flood a local flood or worldwide flood?
And much more…

About the teacher: Mike Riddle is an adjunct speaker with Answers in Genesis. For more than 30 years he has developed and instructed courses on effective presentation skills and teaching methods, as well as his specialty in the field of creation-based apologetics.

3 DVDs; 150 minutes total running time

Continue Reading on