The evolutionist who was anti-God and anti-Darwin

German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) is probably best known for his “God is dead” pronouncement. Not so well known is the fact that although he believed in evolution, he vehemently rejected the major principles of Darwinism.1

Nietzsche and the ‘death of God’

Nietzsche proclaimed the death of God in The Gay Science2 by a parable about a madman with a lantern, looking for God, only to have his fellow citizens ridicule it:

“The madman jumped into their midst and pierced them with his eyes. ‘Whither is God?’ he cried; ‘I will tell you.  We have killed him—you and I. All of us are his murderers. … God is dead. … And we have killed him.’”3,4

Nietzsche then explained that what he meant was: “the belief in the Christian god has become unbelievable”.5 His motive appears to have been to counteract the concept of future judgment—by announcing the death of the Judge! He wrote: “We deny God; in denying God we deny accountability.”6

In place of God, Nietzsche put forward his Superhuman, (German Übermensch),7 an imaginary, super-strong, amoral individual, who would overcome all opposition, as well as the need for God—because in Nietzsche’s view, God was an illusion of the mind.

Nietzsche vs Genesis

In The Anti-Christ, Nietzsche unleashed a torrent of abuse at God and the Genesis account of creation:

In place of God, Nietzsche put forward his Superhuman, (German Übermensch), an imaginary, super-strong, amoral individual, who would overcome all opposition, as well as the need for God.

“Has the famous story which stands at the beginning of the Bible really been understood—the story of God’s mortal terror of science? …

“God’s first blunder: man did not find the animals entertaining—he dominated them, he did not even want to be an ‘animal’.—Consequently God created woman. And then indeed there was an end to boredom but also to something else! Woman was God’s second blunder.—‘Woman is in her essence serpent, Heva—every priest knows that, every evil comes into the world through woman’ … .”8….

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