Creationists have long held that many of the animal varieties we see today came from one or two original created kinds. Those created kinds contained a huge amount of genetic variations which would have allowed them to quickly diversify after being created. Then God brought individuals with the most genetic diversity to Noah to be saved on the Ark. After the Flood, these individuals would have rapidly reproduced and spread out over the earth very quickly for the first 200-300 years, creating the many different species we see today.
In horses today, we see all sizes and characteristics. Creation geneticists contend that all of the horse species and varieties found in the fossil records and those alive today most likely came from one, possibly two original created kinds.
A recent genetic study of the rare and endangered Przewalski’s horse, Equus ferus przewalski, may help confirm the creationist view of created kinds. There are only about 2,000 of these unique horses left in the wilds of China and Mongolia and preserves in the Ukraine and California. They have always been considered to be a more ancient or primitive horse and thought to have split off from domestic horses, Equus caballus, about 6,000 to 10,000 years ago.
Penn State associate professor of biology Kateryna Makova, led a team of researchers in studying the genome of Przewalski’s horse. They studied the mitochondrial DNA passed on from mare to foal.
They discovered that the Przewalski’s horse’s DNA contained a much greater amount of genetic variation than scientists had originally presumed. Based on assumed mutation rates, they concluded that the split between them and domestic horses occurred much earlier than previously thought.
Since we know that creation occurred about 6,000 years ago, it is obvious that the horse kind cannot be older than that. Secondly, the Genesis Flood occurred about 4,400 years ago, meaning that all of the horse kinds came from the pair that came off the Ark then. As stated earlier, the horse kind would have rapidly reproduced and spread out over the earth. Mutation rates would have been faster during that period than those observed now, resulting in much younger dates for the divergence of Przewalski’s and domestic horses that the researchers assumed.
Having a greater amount of genetic diversity does place the Przewalski’s horse as being much closer to the kind that came off the Ark. This helps to give us a glimpse of what that kind of horse possibly looked like.
They may not realize it, but these researchers actually helped to provide more evidence to support the biblical model of creation and the diversification of animals after the Flood.
Endangered Horse Has Ancient Origins and High Genetic Diversity, New Study Finds, Science Daily,Sept. 7, 2011.
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