Zebra Snow - Layers of smoke and ash accumulated between snowfalls.

I know so many people that have to have their hot coffee or tea to get them going in the mornings.  Winter or summer, it doesn’t matter.  They have to have their hot caffeine fix first thing in the morning

I remember years ago when my family was camping out during hunting season the temperature that night dropped below ten degrees Fahrenheit.  It was so cold that our eggs had frozen solid.  The first thing my dad did in the morning was to get the fire started and put the coffee pot on the fire.  Dad and my two older brothers couldn’t wait to get that first cup of hot steaming coffee.

Not me.  Give me a glass of ice cold water.  The colder the water the better I like it.  As a matter of fact, on that particular morning I had to thaw out my canteen as the water had frozen solid.  After I had that first glass of ice water it was then time for the cup of coffee.

Now days we have water filters and ice makers built into our refrigerators so the water is chilled and then we add ice to make it colder.  Of late, our ice maker doesn’t seem to be producing ice as fast as it use to.  Like myself, I guess everything slows down with age.  So to help make the ice last longer, I take the empty plastic butter/margarine tubs and fill them with water and freeze them.  This not only saves the ice maker ice for others, but the larger ice cubes last longer.

The other day when I took the tub of ice out to use, I noticed that it had four distinct layers in it.  The next day it had three layers and then next it had four again.   I jokingly showed the ice to my lovely wife and told her that according to evolutionists, it took four years for this ice to form because of the four distinct layers.  Yet, I had only filled it with water the day before.

I also freeze the butter tubs of water out in a deep freeze and they never have any layers in them.  Then it dawned on me that the freezer compartment of our refrigerator has a defrost cycle   During the defrost cycle, the freezer literally turns off for a period of time that allows the frost that collects on the sides and food to melt and drain down to where the water is collected.  Then the freezer turns back on to keep everything nice and frozen.

So the next time I filled the tub first thing in the morning I monitored the freezing compartment as best I could throughout the day.  I counted three defrost cycles in a sixteen hour period and when I took the tub of ice out, it had three distinct layers in it.

Three layers in ice that formed overnight in freezing compartment of refrigerator.

As I was contemplating this, I recalled shoveling snow from the back patio this past winter.  There had been several snow storms over a week’s time, each one depositing two to four inches of snow.  Instead of having a total depth that equaled all of the snow falls, the snow was an inch or two less.  When I shoveled the first pathway, I noticed that there were three distinct layers of snow that I could detect and I immediately realized that each layer represented each storm that came through and deposited some snow.  Obviously, after each snowfall, the snow began to compact and partially melt before being covered over with the next few inches of snow.

I also recall one occasion when I visited my parents who live in the White Mountains of east-central Arizona at an elevation of about 6,900 feet in Ponderosa pine forest.  They had a snow fall of almost ten inches about 5 days before I visited.  When I commented about the dirty snow everywhere, dad told me that a lot of people in the area have fireplaces or wood burning stoves and quite often the snow will get a dirty layer on top from all the smoke and ash in the air.  He told me that a couple of years earlier they had a new snow storm almost every week for about two months and that if you cut into the snow drifts that you would see what he referred to as the zebra snow with all of the dark stripes in it.

Then several days later I was watching program on avalanches and keyed on a section that discussed the added dangers that occur when there is a period of sunny days in between snowfalls.  Even though the temperatures can remain below freezing, the radiant heat of the direct sun causes some of the snow to melt.  Each night when the sun goes down and temperatures drop, the surface refreezes to form an icy layer on top of the snow.  Then when a second snowfall covers the first, it is sitting atop the icy upper surface from the earlier snow.  This condition increases the chances of the snow to slide, causing an avalanche.

Of course, this also got me to thinking about the way evolutionists date ice cores taken from places like Greenland by counting the annual layers.  What if the layers they’re looking at are not annual or even seasonal, but rather the results of individual storms or series of storms?

As man spread out from the Tower of Babel, he would have built fires to cook and keep warm, especially in cold climates.  Could a number of fires in a number of villages account for some of the apparent layering on the snow and resulting ice cores that are interpreted as annual layers?

In one article I was reading, meteorologist Mike Oard talks about how some evolutionists have been dated some Greenland ice cores to be 110,000 years old based on annual layering.  Part of the dating was done by counting the individual layers in the core.  The other dating method was done by measuring different isotope ratios in each layer.  Layers having different isotope ratios were counted as being from different years.

I would be very curious to see the same isotope ratio studies conducted on the zebra snow that my dad talked about or even on the layers accumulated by different storms throughout the winter season.  How would they compare to the isotope ratios in the ice cores that are considered to be from different years.

In Mike Oard’s articles, he talks about the problems involved with the evolutionary dating methods used to date the Greenland and other ice cores.  He also provides a reasonable explanation of how a creation scientist would interpret the same ice cores.

So what kind of time period do the different layers in ice indicate?  Are they ours, days, different snowfalls, or years?  Perhaps they’re combinations of all of them, and if they are, how would one possibly know which snowfall occurred when?


Oard, Michael, Do Greenland Ice Cores Show Over One Hundred Thousand Years of Annual Layers?, Technical Journey, Vol. 15(3), Dec. 2001, pp. 39-42.

Oard, Michael, Wild Ice-Core Interpretations by Uniformitarian Scientists, Technical Journal, Vol. 16(1), April 2002, pp. 45-47.

Oard, Michael, New Ice Core Records 120,000 Years?, Creation.com, July 30, 2003.

The Great Global Warming Debate DVD

With Michael Oard

Only the Bible can explain it! Former US Vice President Al Gore, Nature and Science magazines and the news media are all proclaiming that man is responsible for global warming. Their alarmist call to action is that we need to act now before the climate becomes uncontrollable and most of the world overheats. The cultural confusion is rampant. Atmospheric scientist, Michael Oard, examines the observed data and concludes that global warming is small. Natural processes are responsible for more than 50%, and that we have time for unbiased research.

Scientist Michael Oard is retired after 30 years as a professional meteorologist and six years as a research meteorologist at the University of Washington. He has published several research articles in journals of the American Meteorological Association and numerous articles in creation periodicals, including CMI’s peer-reviewed Journal of Creation.

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