Coal deposits are found on every continent including Antarctica. Some coal deposits may only be several inches thick while others can be hundreds of feet thick. They can cover small areas and others can stretch for miles.
Evolutionists believe that coal takes thousands to millions of years to form. They teach that most coal forms in swamps and bogs. As trees and plants die, they fall and accumulate at the bottom of the swamps and bogs. Over millions of years, the plant material builds up and is covered by layers of soil. Decaying plant material generates heat and the layers of soil trap that heat in the layers beneath. The pressure and heat slowly converts the plant material into peat which is an early form of coal. Over thousands of years the peat remains buried and slowly turns into coal.
But is there scientific evidence to support the evolutionary theory of coal formation?
When we examine swamps and peat bogs today, we do not find the same things happening as the evolutionists teach. Instead of the flat top and bottom layers we see in most coal beds, modern swamps and bogs have irregular layers along with many plant and tree roots passing through the thin layers of peat found along the bottom. These roots break up the layers of peat and mud, making them very irregular.
Another problem with the evolutionary theory of coal formation is the very slow processes we see happening today in the swamps and bogs. It takes approximately 10 feet of plant material to form 1 foot of coal and we just don’t see thick layers (many feet thick) of peat forming in today’s swamps and bogs.
If swamps and bogs are not responsible for the formation of the vast coal deposits we see on every continent, is there any modern evidence to explain how they could have formed?
After Mount St Helens erupted in the early 1980’s, geologist Dr. Steve Austin was studying the thousands of logs floating on Spirit Lake near the base of the volcano. The force of the eruption blew trees down for miles around the mountain. Several thousand of these trees ended up in Spirit Lake. Dr. Austin noticed that a number of the trees were floating in various stages. Some were floating upright as one end of the log became more waterlogged than the other end. As these logs became completely full of water, they sunk to the bottom of the lake.
Dr. Austin also observed that many of the floating logs would rub against each other, causing the bark to peel off. As the bark became water logged it also sank to the bottom of the lake. Using scuba gear, he dove down to the bottom of Spirit Lake to examine what was happening. Dr. Austin found a layer of bark measuring over three feet thick on the bottom of the lake. This layer of bark was also being mixed with silt, appearing to be the perfect scenario for the formation of peat. He also noticed that a number of logs that had been vertically floating had sunk to the bottom and were still upright in positions. Since various logs sank at different times, the ends that sank first were buried at various depths in the layer of bark peat.
Based upon his observations at Spirit Lake, Dr. Austin instantly thought about the billions of trees that would have been uprooted and washed away by the Genesis Flood. Some plants would be buried in place. Some would be ground up and destroyed. Most, however, probably floated atop the floodwaters, until they became waterlogged and sank to the bottom.
Taking lessons from Spirit Lake, the billions of trees uprooted by the Flood would have results in huge log mats. The action of the waves would cause the logs to hit and rub together, peeling off the bark, just like what Dr. Austin found. A continuous rain of sinking plants could produce the thick layers of plant material needed to form coal beds
Unlike swamps and bogs today, there would have been many trees and plants growing roots through the layer of plant material on the bottom of the Flood waters. Undisturbed by growing plants, such layers would have flat lower and upper surfaces, and in between could be undisturbed layers of mud.
Bark rubbing off logs would explain coals made of bark and vertical trees sinking would explain stumps sitting atop coal layers without penetrating them. Both have been observed at Mount St. Helens.
The Flood provides an explanation for the origin of coal consistent with an earth only thousands of years old. The enormous coal reserves on our planet are a reminder and tribute to a beautiful and bountiful world now lost.
Genesis Flood Fact or Fiction
This book will answer your questions about the reality of Noah’s Flood and the Ark. Was the Ark big enough? Is there evidence that it really happened? Author Dr Tas Walker, an engineer and geologist, shows that the biblical account is thoroughly believable, and explains where you can see the evidence. The message can change your world. (High School–Adult) 32 pages.