In 1958, someone discovered a human skull in a cave near Maba, China; hence the remains were dubbed Maba man or woman since they have not been able to determine the sex of the individual.

A significant portion of the facial bones had been gnawed away by some type of large rodent.  Fifty-three years later, a team of scientists led by Erik Trinkaus from Washington University in St Louis, Missouri are reexamining the skull to see if they can learn anything new from it.

As they took a close look at the skull, the team discovered that there was evidence of a skull fracture that healed prior the death of the person.  The wound appeared to be the result of a directed blunt force trauma which is typical of those seen today when one person strikes another in the head with some kind of object.  The severity of the skull injury also led the researchers to believe that the victim most likely suffered some form of amnesia (temporary to constant short term) in addition to severe headaches.

Because of their evolutionary presuppositions, the researchers believe the injury to have been caused by another human as Tinkaus explained:

One of the problems was that these people led rough lives. They were hunting medium-to-large animals at close quarters. And when you stick a spear in an animal, they usually do not appreciate it.

They tend to kick and fight – and many of these animals had horns and antlers.

Can we completely rule out a hunting accident? No. But it’s less likely to be that than getting hit on the side of the head with a missile.

Maba man/woman was supposedly dated to be 150,000 to 200,000 years old, making it the oldest known case of human violence on another human.

However, we can know for certain that this is not the oldest known case of human-to-human violence and that their time scale is in error also.

To start with, God gave us His eyewitness account of the first human violence in Genesis 4:8 when Cain’s anger drove him to murder his brother Abel.  Since Adam and Eve were the first humans and Cain and Abel their first offspring, we can know for certain that there was the first evidence of violence from human to another

As for the time frame, the Bible makes it perfectly clear that Adam was created on the sixth day of Creation.  When we read that account in Genesis 4, it appears that both Cain and Abel were young adults at the time of the murder.  Therefore, the real first violence occurred around 6,000 years ago, not 200,000 as Trinkaus and his colleagues believe.

This is also a great example of how one’s religious beliefs about origins has a direct impact on how all of us interpret the world around us.  We both have the same evidence an old skull recovered from a cave in China.  Evolutionists like Trinkaus look at the skull and see hundreds of thousands of years and evidence of a supposed primitive hunter who appears to have been struck in the head with a blunt object, most likely from another primitive hunter about 150,000 to 200,000 years ago.

On the other hand, I look at the very same evidence and see a human skull that can is less than 4,400 years old as it has to be post-Flood.  I won’t speculate that the individual was a hunter, but have been.  It just may have been someone who sought the cave as shelter in a storm or looking for possible metals to mine or even someone who was traveling and used the cave as a temporary shelter.  It may also be possible that the individual died elsewhere and the family placed his body in the cave for burial, much like when Abraham buried Sarah in the cave of Machpelah as we read in Genesis 23.  All of these are mere conjectures and nothing that I would be certain of.

This is the difference between starting from the truth of God’s Word and the godless suppositions of fallible men.  As for me, I’ll put my trust in God’s Word every time and pray you will too.


Rincon, Paul, ‘Earliest’ evidence of human violence, BBC News, Nov. 21, 2011.

Inherently Wind: A Hollywood History of the Scopes Trial (DVD)

In one of his most popular talks, Dr. David Menton exposes the distortions and inaccuracies in the play and movie Inherit the Wind. Incorporating clips from the 1960 film, Dr. Menton, gives example after example of how the film has rewritten the real history of the trial, using it as propaganda to ridicule Christianity. This influential propaganda piece has deceived a whole generation with the false belief that Christians went on a witch hunt to stop John Scopes from teaching evolution, but in reality it was a set up by the American Civil Liberties Union.

About the speaker

Dr. David Menton was awarded Professor of the Year in 1998 while associate professor of anatomy at the respected Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Now a professor emeritus (he holds a Ph.D. in cell biology from Brown University), Dr. Menton now speaks full-time for Answers in Genesis. Audiences enjoy Dr. Mentons well-illustrated presentations on a variety of fascinating topics, such as the human body, feathers and birds, and the Scopes trial.

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