Once again the theory of dark matter is being questioned by members of the scientific community. In the past we’ve posted a couple of articles on dark matter and the fact that it’s missing and not all evolutionary astronomers believe it exists (Evolutionary Cosmologists Starting to Doubt Existence of Dark Matter and Astronomers Chasing Ghosts in Space?).
In case you are not familiar with the basic concept of dark matter, I’ll try to provide a brief summation:
To begin with, the standard theory of gravity states that when matter is rotating, the further away from the center of gravity the slower the matter should rotate. In the case of spiral galaxies, the outer edges of the spiral arms should rotate slower than the central parts or core of the galaxy. However, cosmologists have discovered that the outer edges of most spiral galaxies rotate at nearly the same speed as the core of the galaxies. In order to explain the constant rotational speeds, astrophysicists proposed the theory of dark matter which states that there must be a huge amount of matter that is undetectable to our current technology. This missing matter, known as dark matter is in the form a halo around the galaxy and exerts enough gravitational force on the spiral arms to account for their rotational speeds being nearly equal to the core rotational speeds. Dark matter exists throughout the universe and depending upon who to talk to is suppose to account for 75% to 95% of the mass of the universe that is apparently missing.
Even though dark matter was proposed to solve the gravitational problems, it doesn’t answer them all. In 1983, Mordehai Milgrom from the Weizmann Institute in Israel proposed a modification to Newton’s theories on gravity to help answer some of the problems that dark matter didn’t seem to answer. Milgrom’s theory known as Modified Newtonian Dynamics (Mond) was immediately attacked by the astrophysics community who shelved it as a minor fringe theory.
Dr. Stacy McGaugh from the University of Maryland is unintentionally reviving the Mond theory when dealing with galaxies that have larger concentrations of gases and fewer stars than other galaxies. Dr. McGaugh first set out to study low surface-brightness galaxies in what he thought would falsify the Mond theory.
His work was based upon the Tully-Fisher relation used to map out the interplay between a galaxy’s mass and speed of rotation. Estimating the mass of a galaxy is not an easy task since it has a number of variables that can easily alter the results.
Dr. McGaugh studied 47 gas-rich galaxies that contained few stars known as low surface-brightness galaxies. Believing that he would demonstrate the problems with the Mond theory, he ended up discovering that Mond theory was the most accurate predicts the relation between the galaxies rotational speed and mass, whereas dark matter proved to be significantly less accurate. However, Dr. McGaugh admitted that Mond theory does not prove as successful in accounting for the missing mass in larger clusters of galaxies.
Even though a few prominent cosmologists have applauded Dr. McGaugh’s work with the Mond theory, he is coming under strong criticism from the majority of the dark matter adherents. They believe that dark matter is a complete package in and of itself, while Dr. McGaugh believes it to be a missing piece to the dark matter theory that needs to be further investigated. He concluded by saying: At the very least, it’s telling us something about dark matter that’s not native to our current model.
Admittedly, I am not a physicist or astronomer, but as I understand it, physicists, astronomers and cosmologists cannot explain the observations they see when studying the galaxies and heavens of our universe. They need more forces than what they can account for and it is these unknown and unseen forces that seem to hold everything together and keep these moving the way they are observed. Perhaps they are looking in the wrong direction for these forces. When I read articles like this one, there are several Scripture verses that come to mind;
- Job 38:31-33: Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades or loose the cords of Orion? Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season, or can you guide the Bear with its children? Do you know the ordinances of the heavens? Can you establish their rule on the earth?
- Psalm 19:1: The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
- Psalm 104:5: He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved.
- Hebrews 1:3: He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power.
Hebrews 1:3 makes it clear that Jesus Christ is upholding the entire universe by the power of His Word. It was His Word that created the earth, heavens, sun, moon and stars in Genesis 1. Not only did Christ create the entire universe by His Word, but He continues to uphold and sustain all of creation, including the universe, stars, galaxies, etc., by the POWER of His Word. Just maybe, that is the power that cosmologists have been searching for. After all, they haven’t been able to find any direct evidence for any other source of power or gravitational force and they openly admit that although it is missing, it must be there. These cosmologists need to look to God’s Word for their answers instead of spending so much time and money trying to find something that isn’t there.
Palmer, Jason, Dark Matter Theory Challenged by Gassy Galaxies Result, BBC News, Feb. 25, 2011.