According to the current cosmological paradigm, the universe is suppose to be composed of about 70% dark energy, 25% dark matter and only 5% normal of baryonic matter. Whatever dark matter is suppose to be, light has no effect on it, which is why they refer to it as dark matter. It is suppose to exert some gravitational force, yet its interaction with ordinary matter is very weak if at all.
Spiral galaxies like our own Milky Way have smaller satellite galaxies like the Magellanic Clouds that orbit around it. According to the prevailing theories, there is not nearly enough gravitational forces in existence to account for the rapid orbits of these satellite galaxies. Without anything else to turn to, it has been postulated that there is a massive dark matter ring that surrounds the galaxies and it is dark matter that provides the missing gravity that allows for the rapid orbits of the satellite galaxies. Other theories allow for a dark matter disk that lies within the galactic plane and rotates with the spiral galaxy.
A great deal of effort, research and money has been used in the search for direct evidence of dark matter. Ten years ago, NASA launched the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. Supposedly, the probe has provided indirect evidence of dark matter in the form of a ‘footprint’ on the cosmic microwave background. Studies of galaxy clusters have also yielded some indirect evidence of the gravitational pull of dark matter. They have also discovered indirect evidence of its effects on individual galaxies as well. Other research is being conducted at the subatomic particle level. It is also hoped that the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope may also yield some type of collaboration for the existence of dark matter.
However, to date, there has been no direct evidence for the existence of the elusive dark matter, dark matter rings or dark matter disks and it is this lack of evidence that is causing a group of cosmologist to doubt it really exists. Instead, they are suggesting that the theory of gravity needs to be re-examined and possibly modified. Mordehai Milgrom, an astrophysicist at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel said, Dark matter comes about because people unquestionably find mass discrepancies in galaxies and clusters of galaxies…The mass of visible matter falls very short of what is needed to account for the gravity shown by these systems. The mainstream assumes it is due to the presence of dark matter, while others, like me, think that the theory of gravity has to be modified.
Admittedly, I am not a physicist or astronomer, but as I understand it, physicists, astronomers and cosmologists cannot explain the observations they see when studying the galaxies and heavens of our universe. They need more forces than what they can account for and it is these unknown and unseen forces that seem to hold everything together and keep these moving the way they are observed. Perhaps they are looking in the wrong direction for these forces. When I read articles like this one, there are several Scripture verses that come to mind;
- Job 38:31-33: Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades or loose the cords of Orion? Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season, or can you guide the Bear with its children? Do you know the ordinances of the heavens? Can you establish their rule on the earth?
- Psalm 19:1: The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
- Psalm 104:5: He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved.
- Hebrews 1:3: He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power.
Hebrews 1:3 makes it clear that Jesus Christ is upholding the entire universe by the power of His Word. It was His Word that created the earth, heavens, sun, moon and stars in Genesis 1. Not only did Christ create the entire universe by His Word, but He continues to uphold and sustain all of creation, including the universe, stars, galaxies, etc., by the POWER of His Word. Just maybe, that is the power that cosmologists have been searching for. After all, they haven’t been able to find any direct evidence for any other source of power or gravitational force and they openly admit that although it is missing, it must be there. These cosmologists need to look to God’s Word for their answers instead of spending so much time and money trying to find something that isn’t there.
Dorminey, Bruce, Reliance on Indirect Evidence Fuels Dark Matter Doubts, Scientific American, Dec. 30, 2010.