A response to claims to the contrary from BioLogos

Jon P., from the United States, wrote in with questions about a recent article on our site titled Adam, Eve and Noah vs. Modern Genetics. He first quotes from the CMI article, then references an article that appeared on the theistic evolutionary BioLogos website that supposedly contradicts it. His short letter is printed in full followed by a response from Robert Carter.

Jon P. writes:

“The important take home point is that essentially all of the genetic variation among people today could have been carried within two people,…”

What about what Biologos says that contradicts what you have written? [Link removed as per Feedback rules.]

Dr. Carter responds:

Dear Jon,

I am familiar with Falk and Venema’s article, having read it when it was first posted, and am pleased to finally have an excuse to write a retort.

First, you must read Lita Cosner’s article Evolutionary syncretism: a critique of BioLogos. You will also want to consult A response to Timothy Keller’s ‘Creation, Evolution and Christian laypeople’.

Second, regarding the science, we must ask, “What would we expect the data to indicate if Adam and Eve actually existed?” As I attempted to demonstrate in my article, the data fit very nicely into the biblical model of one founding couple for all of humanity who lived a few thousand years ago. There was one founding female (directly predicted by the creation model and allowed in the evolution model, so this not really evidence for either side). There was one founding male (also non-conclusive). There are three main mitochondrial lineages in the world, found (unequally) among the people groups scattered across the world, with only a few differences between the founder lineages of the three groups (a better fit to the creation model, why did only three sub-lineages of closely-related mtDNAs escape Africa?, etc.). There was a single dispersal of people in the recent past (a better fit to the creation model, but Out of Africa can also be used as an explanation). There was a population bottleneck (a direct prediction of the biblical model and an ad hocaddition to the Out of Africa theory). In short, there are a lot of things in genetics that support the biblical narrative. This would not be expected if Genesis was a random and made-up story (or collection of stories).

You might also be interested in what we have already written on the subject, including the first seven articles (at the time of this writing) on our Genetics Q&A page.

Now, let us deal with the meat of Falk and Venema’s arguments. They give three supposedly independent lines of evidence that point away from Adam and Eve and toward standard evolutionary history. I will treat each in turn:….

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