The Judgment of God – Part 2

Introduction: Public opinion polls are used repeatedly to determine how the majority of people respond to some particular issue. These polls do influence people, perhaps more so than we like to think. If the majority of people voice their opinion and this becomes the expected response most people when asked will simply echo the majority position. In other words, what happens is that people cease to think on their own and simply defer to the opinion of the majority, regardless of how ill-informed and shortsighted those opinions might be. Cultural critic Neil Postman observes, “We can see this process of responsibility-shift even more clearly in the case of the statistically based ratings of television shows. The definition of a “good” television show has become purely and simply a matter of its having high ratings.  A “bad” show has low ratings. The responsibility of a television writer, therefore, begins and ends with his or her ability to create a show that many millions of viewers will watch. The writer, in a word, is entirely responsible to the audience. There is no need for the writer to consult tradition, aesthetic standards, thematic plausibility, refinements of taste, or even plain comprehensibility. The iron rule of public opinion is all that matters. Television executives are fond of claiming that their medium is the most democratic institution in America: a plebiscite is held every week to determine which programs will survive.

This claim is given added weight by a second claim: creative artists have never been indifferent to the preference and opinions of their audiences. Writers, for example, write for people, for their approbation and understanding. But writers also write for themselves and because they have something they want to say, not always because readers have something they want to hear. By giving constant deference to public preferences, polling changes the motivation of writers; their entire effort is to increase “the numbers.”  Popular literature now depends more than ever on the wishes of the audience, not the creativity of the artist.”[i]

There is an obvious application of Paul’s remarks in our text as one recent commentator points out, “But there is also the fact that those who condone and applaud the vicious actions of others are actually making a deliberate contribution to the setting up of public opinion favourable to vice, and so to the corruption of an indefinite number of other people. The full extent of the rejection of God becomes evident in such an attitude. His judgment is known, yet people are encouraged to pursue evil anyway. Those who encourage others to pursue evil commit a greater evil in that they foment the spread of evil and are complicit in the destruction of others. The hatred of God is so entrenched that people are willing to risk future judgment in order to carry out their evil desires. Once again the text hints that the fundamental sin that informs all others is a refusal to delight in or submit to God’s lordship. Gods’ wrath is rightly inflicted on those who not only practice evil but find their greatest delight in it.”[ii]

God is our judge. Ps. 119:137 declares: “Righteous art thou, O Lord, and upright are thy judgments.” The character of God is what makes all His judgments right. God is what He is, so He is what He should be. The great Puritan preacher William Ames once commented, “Although vain men feign to themselves many notions of righteousness, yet there is not true and real righteousness besides that revealed in God’s Word.”[iii]  If you have seen the movie The Unforgiven there is a line by Clint Eastwood that captures the man thought of our text. In response to a remark that the man they had killed had it coming (he deserved what he got), Eastwood said, “We all got it coming.” It is because we do not realize the infinitely evil nature of all sin that we have a difficult time accepting at face value the teaching of Scripture on the wrath and judgment of a Holy God. The imprecatory Psalms (like 69, 129, and especially 109) have long been considered (even by some Christians) one of the moral difficulties of the Bible. But long ago Jonathan Edwards rightly said, “We cannot think that those imprecations we find in the Psalms and Prophets, were out of their own hearts; for cursing is spoken of as a very dreadful sin in the Old Testament; and David, whom we hear oftener than any other praying for vengeance on his enemies, by the history of his terrible imprecations that we find in all the Old Testament, are in the New spoken of as prophetical, even those in the 109th Psalm; as in Acts 1:20 . . . They wish them ill, not as personal, but as public enemies to the church of God.”[iv] As we come to the close of the first chapter of Romans, the Apostle Paul saw no need to vindicate the reputation of God from the charge that He is not acting properly in His judgments. He is just in all that He does. God’s righteousness is evident in three particular ways.

I.          Universally Acknowledged: The heathen possess this knowledge. They are able to discern the fact that their evil deserves to be punished by God. They possess a moral consciousness. Furthermore, they realize that God’s judgments are more than mere temporal discomforts. They deserve (are worthy of) eternal death. Note the Apostle’s point. They know, but this knowledge does not change their conduct. “But knowledge does not liberate him from practicing sin. Knowledge alone does not save him; on the contrary, it renders him guilty, for his knowledge does not prevent him from practicing that which he condemns; furthermore he completes his resistance against the truth not only by not contracting those who practice evil, but by approving them.”[v]

II.         It Is Inevitable Demonstration: As certain as effect follows cause, so does punishment follow sin. There is no possible escape from condemnation for those who persist in pursuing unrighteousness (cf. Hebrews 2:3). To practice sin implies deliberation and habit. Note Paul’s language here. The word translated approve in the NIV (The King James Version has have pleasure in) is SUNEUDOKOUSIN. It does not describe simple passive assent or mere acquiescence, but active or hearty approval to act in a certain way (cf. Luke 11:48; Acts 8:1; 22:20; I Cor. 7:23,13). The Apostle is speaking of those whose conduct involves a deliberate rejection of the light that God has given them. Furthermore, they actually conspire to spread their wickedness.

III.        It Is Essential to God’s Character: God is not free to act contrary to His nature. Justice always characterizes God (cf. II Thess. 1:6; Heb. 2:2; Jude 7). God hates sin because He is holy; it is His nature to hate sin.  Since God hates sin them He must by His own standard of righteousness punish sin. God’s righteous judgment upon sin is certain, inevitable, and universal.

Conclusion: The late Dr. John Gerstner, Professor Emeritus of Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, was teaching about the depravity of man, and to make his point he compared humanity to rats. After he had finished his address there was a question-and-answer period, and someone who had been offended by the comparison asked Gerstner to apologize. Gerstner did. “I do apologize,” he said. “I apologize profusely. The comparison was terribly unfair… to the rats.’ He then went on to show that what a rat does, it does by the gifts of God that make it rat like. It does not sin. But we, when we behave like rats, behave worse than we should and even worse than rats. We are worse than ‘beasts’ in our behavior.”[vi]



[i] Neil Postman, Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology (Vintage Books, 1992), p. 136.


[ii] Thomas R. Schreiner, Romans: Baker Exegetical Commentary On the New Testament (Baker, 1998), p. 100.


[iii] As cited in William S. Plumer, Psalms: A Critical and Expository Commentary with Doctrinal and Practical Remarks (rpt. The Banner of Truth Trust, 1975), p. 1079.


[iv] John Gerstner, The Rational Biblical Theology of Jonathan Edwards I (Ligonier, 1991), p. 524.


[v] Adolf Schlatter, Romans: The Righteousness of God (Hendrickson, 1995), p. 47.


[vi] As cited by James M. Boice, Romans: An Expositional Commentary I (Baker, 1991), p. 179.

Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God CD

Sinners in the Hands of Angry God is considered the most famous sermon ever preached in American history. Jonathan Edwards delivered this message on July 8, 1741 in Enfield, Connecticut. Many who heard it trembled and cried out for mercy. Others fainted. Five hundred people were converted that day.

Introduction by R.C. Sproul.
Your foot shall slip in due time.
God does not lack the power to throw wicked people into hell.
The purpose of this terrifying subject is to wake up the unconverted.
It is the wrath of the infinite God.
How dreadful is the state of those who are in danger.

When Max McLean, founder of Fellowship for the Performing Arts preached this sermon to 5000 attendees of a Ligonier Conference, the silence in the audience was deafening. Mr. McLean is also the narrator of the English Standard Version of the Bible and does a variety of live stage, conference and seminary performances.

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