The gap theory is an attempt by Christian theologians to reconcile the time scale of world history found in Genesis with the popular belief that geologists provide “undeniable” evidence that the world is exceedingly old. The gap theory is described as follows:

“In the far distant dateless past, God created a perfect heaven and perfect earth. Satan was ruler of the earth, which was peopled by a race of “men” without any souls. Satan, rebelled by desiring to become like God. Because of Satan’s fall, sin entered the universe and brought on the earth God’s judgment in the form of a flood. All the plant, animal, and human fossils upon the earth today date from this “Lucifer’s flood” and do not bear any relationship with the plants, animals, and fossils living upon the earth today. Some versions of the gap theory state that the fossil record (geologic column) formed over millions of years, then God destroyed the earth with a catastrophe that left it “without form and void.“ This all happened between Gen 1:1-1:2.

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