The first paper in this series discussed God’s present work in creation and humanity’s relationship with the created order, including the dominion that God has given us and the stewardship role that He has entrusted to us. This paper focuses on the Christian view of development and environmentalism, including discussions of human environmental impact in relation to pollution and extinction of species.

Development and environmentalism

Many modern environmentalists hold to a highly romanticized, virtually pantheistic view of nature. Images and stories of simple, yet idyllic, tribal life reinforce the erroneous “noble savage” stereotype—mankind living in glorious harmony with nature without pollution or overcrowding. These environmentalists, therefore, oppose any development that involves any alteration to nature. Such alteration is inherently bad, amounting to a moral violation. As Paul wrote to the Romans, such people have “exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator” (Rom 1:25)….

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