Figure 1. Chromosomal rearrangements involve the repair of double stranded breaks. They may be followed by changes in heterochromatin or centromeres, which suggest designed mechanisms are involved in the modifications. A better understanding of chromosomal rearrangements is necessary to developing both a more robust creation model and better reasoned apologetic arguments. Photograph by Gualtiero Boffi from

Creationists accept that creatures can change over time, but a clearer understanding of the types of changes involved is necessary for a robust creation model. In creation apologetic arguments, many genetic changes are assumed to be “accidents” and the degenerative nature of these changes are commonly pointed out. Biblically, degenerative changes are expected because of the Curse imposed on Creation after Adam and Eve sinned.1 However, there is no biblical reason why all genetic changes must be “accidents” or even degenerative. After all, God is also portrayed in Scripture as a provider, so adaptive genetic changes are perfectly reasonable within the creation model.2

Related to this issue is a critical need for a reasonable estimate of genetic similarity between various kinds at Creation. For example, evolutionists often point to human-chimp similarities to support their model’s assumption of common ancestry. Creationists commonly respond that similarity can be from a common designer and then list genetic differences between humans and chimps. Which of these differences are because God created humans and chimps differently and which are from changes that have been acquired since then? If we point to differences that can reasonably be attributed to changes since Creation, our arguments will be weak and misleading. A proper use of evidential arguments depends on a robust creation model which requires a more detailed understanding of genetic changes that have occurred during history….

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