When I was in South Africa in 2011, I photographed this glorious view looking south on Chapman’s Peak Drive, south of Cape Town. The road down Cape Peninsula runs along the junction between two spectacular geological features.

In the cut as you drive along the road you can see flat-lying maroon, purple and tan beds stacked like pancakes one upon the other. They continue up the escarpment peeking out from beneath the vegetation. These strata are part of a vast sedimentary blanket called the Cape Supergroup. Although this blanket has been folded and eroded, it still covers much of the southern portion of South Africa.

Underneath the road and plunging into the sea is a steep outcrop of granite. These smooth, grey, rounded rocks were once part of an enormous body of molten rock deep within the crust of the earth. That body is now called the Cape Peninsular Pluton, and is itself part of a larger group of granite outcrops called the Cape Granite Suite.

According to the Bible, the world experienced a global, catastrophic Flood about 4,500 years ago, and we can explain this landscape from that perspective. Mainstream geologists do not believe the global Flood ever occurred, so they use a different lens through with which to interpret the past. All the same, the careful observations they have made and the detailed reports they have written (e.g. see Further Reading below) help us understand the rocks and interpret them from a biblical perspective.

We need to realise that we are looking at just a tiny part of the evidence for the Flood. We are like ants in the grass; our perspective is limited as we try to understand the world around us. That is why it is so helpful to examine geological maps and geological diagrams that show us a bigger scale of what is present….

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