If you have ever looked at different plants, you will have undoubtedly come across an abnormal growth or nodule on a leaf, stem, branch, trunk or root.  These outgrowths are referred to as galls.

Plant galls can be caused by a number of things from fungi to bacteria to insects and mites.  Mites are a type of arthropod in the same subclass as ticks known as Acari or Acarina.  One major difference between ticks and mites is their size as mites are almost microscopic in size.  They are one of the most diverse groups of invertebrates in the world.  Mites that cause plant galls are often referred to as a gall mite, but that term may encompass nearly 4,000 different species of mite.

Some gall mites can nearly destroy certain crops.  There are rust mites that attack grains and redberry mites that attack raspberries and blackberries.  There is probably a gall mite that can have harmful effects on many different crops.

Because mites are nearly microscopic in size, there is very little evidence of them in the fossil record.  Acarologists (people that study ticks and mites), often have to turn to other avenues to study the history of mites and one of those avenues is amber.  They carefully scour through myriads of fossilized plant resins, using powerful magnifying glasses or microscopes, endlessly searching for a tiny preserved specimen.

A team of scientists from Berlin and New York did exactly that.  They meticulously examined around 70,000 pieces of preserved amber, most of which were only 2 to 6 millimeters (0.078 to 0.236 inches) in size.  The amber was from the Italian Alps and according to evolutionists date back to the Triassic era about 230 million years ago.

After examining the 70,000 tiny pieces of amber, the team found a grand total of three arthropods.  One was part of the body of a midge fly and the other two were identified as two different species of gall mites.

One of the mites was only 210 microns (0.008 inches) long.  Identified as Triasacarus fedelei, the scientists concluded it had to be an evolutionary ancestor to modern gall mites since its mouth parts are different and it was found in 230 million year old amber.

The second mite they found was even smaller, measuring a mere 124 microns (0.005 inches) long.  Identified as Ampezzoa triassica, this mite was described as being very similar to modern day mites.

Because the amber that the mites were found in was from conifers, they assume the mites were feeding on them at the time they were trapped.  Then they surmised that most mites of that time also fed on conifers and that when flowering plants emerged about 90 million years later, the mites readily adapted to feed on them.

I understand that scientists do their best to deduce what they can from the evidence they have, but in so many cases like this, their extrapolations are based more on their presuppositions of millions of years of evolution than on the real evidence.  The possibility of the amber being formed in the years prior to the Genesis Flood is not worth their consideration.  The idea that the first mite found had different mouth parts because of species diversification and instead of being a primitive ancestor is not worth their consideration.  The realization that flowering plants and conifers were both created at the same time on Day 3 is also not a possible concept for them to embrace.

This is another example of good science, poor conclusions.


Choi, Charles.  230-Million-Year-Old Mite Found in Amber, Live Science, Aug. 27, 2012.

By Design: Evidence for Nature’s Intelligent Designer–the God of the Bible

By Dr. Jonathan Sarfati

At last, a definitive work on design by a leading biblical creationist…

Today, the ID (intelligent design) movement is capturing headlines (and igniting controversy) around the world. But in the process, many are coming to think that a credible challenge to the dominant Darwinian naturalism of our time means backing away from a clear stand for the truth of the Bible.

Now creationist heavyweight Jonathan Sarfati, whose Refuting Evolution has the most copies in print of any creation book ever, challenges this mindset head on. In the process, By Design is set to become a classic of the creation movementin the same vein as Dr Sarfatis comprehensive Refuting Compromise, which is arguably the most powerful biblical and scientific defense of straightforward Genesis in existence.

Paperback, 150 pages

What others are saying about this book…

Brilliant, deep and engaging the battle at the front linesclassic Sarfati!

Dr David Catchpoole, Ph.D., plant physiologist

When master logician/scientist Jonathan Sarfati takes on another front of the creation/evolution battle, his fans know theyre going to experience an intellectual feast of cut-and- thrust philosophical swordsmanship with the opponents of Genesis creation/ID. But readers are in for an additional treat, toohis passion (not revealed in his previous books) for digging into the details of lifes breathtaking designs.

Dr Carl Wieland, Managing Director,
Creation Ministries International (Australia)

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