The observations that place the earth near the centre of the universe are consistent with God’s focus on mankind. The Bible implies that there are a finite number of stars, which suggests that the universe is finite.1 A creationist cosmology requires a finite universe that is most likely spherically symmetric about our galaxy. This would then create a spherically-symmetric gravitational potential, which in turn determines what type of redshifts we should see. Three models—and their consistency with a creationist cosmology—are investigated: Humphreys’, Gentry’s and Carmeli’s. In these models the resulting gravitational redshifts are much smaller than the observed Hubble-Law redshifts. Therefore, it is concluded that the former will always be masked by the latter. Also, the two types of redshift, caused by gravitation and cosmological expansion, are independent and can be described by a product of the ratio of the wavelengths. This fact will aid in building a creationist cosmology.
Any creationist cosmology must be able to explain the observed redshifts in a universe that is most likely centred on our galaxy. Because mankind is the focus of God’s attention, the universe was specially created by God. It is a reasonable assumption that He placed us in the centre of His universe so we would see how great He is. That is, we are likely very near the centre of the universe filled with billions of galaxies with billions of stars in each. This is what Edwin Hubble concluded; his observations of the galaxies’ redshifts indicated to him that we are at the centre of a symmetric matter distribution. But Hubble rejected his own conclusion—that we are in a very special place—on philosophical grounds.2 And Hubble wasn’t alone in realizing this situation:
“‘People need to be aware that there is a range of models that could explain the observations,’ Ellis argues. ‘For instance, I can construct you a spherically symmetrical universe with Earth at its center, and you cannot disprove it based on observations.’ Ellis has published a paper on this. ‘You can only exclude it on philosophical grounds. In my view there is absolutely nothing wrong in that. What I want to bring into the open is the fact that we are using philosophical criteria in choosing our models. A lot of cosmology tries to hide that.’”3
Given the focus of God on us, it is a reasonable assumption that the universe is finite (though extremely large) and bounded. As the psalmist said:
“He determines the number of the stars and calls them each by name” (Psalms 147:4) [emphasis added].
And as God told Abraham:
“I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore” (Genesis 22:17) [emphasis added]….
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